The Spring Festival starts from the first day in January of Chinese Lunar Calendar, it is the most important and lively Chinese traditional festival .the history of Spring Festival is very long, it originates the activity to scarify the ancestors during the last day of each year and the first day the next year. The Spring Festival means the spring comes, everything looks lively, ceremonies for festivals become more rich and colorful. From the 23rd to 30th in December of lunar calendar each year, during these days, people will clean everything in their home to make every thing in the house good enough to welcome the new spring. about ten days before the spring comes, people will buy the food: chicken, fish and other meats, Also other things: tea ,wine ,soy ,sugar, everything should be enough to enjoy the spring festival. people also paste the spring festival couplets on each door of the residences. inside the house, people post the colorful auspicious paintings on pillars, doors and windows, in the front of the gate also hangs the red lanterns, there are different pictures of different gods with meaing, in order to add the happy atmosphere for the Spring Festival.
There is one legend about the original of the Spring Festival, it is said, in the ancient time, one animal named Nian, during that time, it would appear in the village to damage the crops, eat the livestock and people. in order to get the Nian away, people tried many ways, finally they realized the animal were scared of red color, that’s why from then people use red color to decoration for those days, in each year, gradually it become festival.
Spring Festival is the most happy and union time for family, every people who works or studies far away from home should back and enjoy the festival with other members of family to talk about their life,work… it is a customer for northern people to eat dumplings, because dumplings means together in Chinese. They also have the habit to eat rice cake which is made of the sticky rice and sugar during the new year’s Eve, it expresses people hope the life is sweet as the sticky rice.
On the first day of Chinese Lunar Calendar when we hear the first sound of cockcrow, all family will explode the fireworks, every family is beaming, every people should wear the new dress, say happy new year to each other, visiting relatives and make the best wishes to the older people. Older people give red packets to the children. Some places also have other ceremonies: the lion dancing, dragon lantern dancing.. during spring festival people also shopping in the city and have picnic. the Spring Festival is really finished until the 15th in January of the Chinese Lunar Calendar. Spring festival is the most important festival for Chinese, in Li jiang, all family must kill one pig before the spring festival comes, than the family will invite all relatives and fiends come to their house for meals.
During the spring festival Eve, every family must eat fish ,because fish represents prosperous in Chinese. in the morning of first day in January of lunar calendar, every family must get up early, and then light the fireworks. because it expresses the good wish to the coming year.